andromeda constellation location

December 19, 2020 || POSTED BY || Industry News

Andromeda is one of the original 48 constellations listed by the Greek astronomer Ptolemy in the second century. The basic constellation is in the shape of an "A" with a star representing Andromeda's head at the point of the "A". [51] It is seen under a dark, transparent sky as a hazy patch in the north of the constellation. NGC 206 is a star cloud in the Andromeda Galaxy. The two stars orbit each other with a period of 96.7 days. HD 8673 (F7 V) has a substellar companion, detected in 2005, that could either be a brown dwarf or a planet. Andromeda was the daughter of King Cepheus and Queen Cassiopeia of Aethiopia. Location. [65] Andromedid meteors are known for being very slow and the shower itself is considered to be diffuse, as meteors can be seen coming from nearby constellations as well as from Andromeda itself. NGC 67a is also an E5-type elliptical galaxy. The galaxy has an apparent magnitude of 10.8 and is located at an approximate distance of 27.3 million light years from Earth. It shows both constellations – Cassiopeia and Andromeda – so you can see the galaxy’s location with respect to both. The Andromeda galaxy, our Milky Way's closest neighbor, is the most distant object in the sky that you can see with your unaided eye — but only on a clear night from a location with a very dark sky. Only the brightest central region of the Andromeda Galaxy is visible through a small telescope but, in a larger telescope, the Andromeda Galaxy is about six times as wide as the full Moon. The brighter component is a K-type giant, while the dimmer companion is either a G-type main sequence star or a white dwarf. Its right ascension is between 22h 57.5m and 2h 39.3m and its declination is between 53.19° and 21.68° in the equatorial coordinate system. [10][11] She was chained to a rock by the sea but was saved by the hero Perseus, who in one version of the story used the head of Medusa to turn the monster into stone;[12] in another version, by the Roman poet Ovid in his Metamorphoses, Perseus slew the monster with his diamond sword. NGC 90 and NGC 93 form a pair of interacting spiral galaxies in Andromeda. It has a supermassive black hole in its centre. In Greek mythology, Andromeda was the daughter of King Cepheus of Ethiopia and Queen Cassiopeia, who offended the Nereids (sea nymphs) by claiming she was more beautiful than they were. This constellation lies in the “Water” region, including some other constellations like Aquarius, Eridanus, Pisces, and more. It is bordered by Perseus, Cassiopeia, Lacerta, Pegasus, Pisces, and Triangulum. It is one of the few visible to the unaided eye, appearing as a milky blur. The stars that make up Pisces and the middle portion of modern Andromeda formed a constellation representing a fertility goddess, sometimes named as Anunitum or the Lady of the Heavens.[7]. NGC 891 is incredibly faint and small despite its magnitude of 9.9,[21] as its surface brightness of 14.6 indicates;[10] it is 13.5 by 2.8 arcminutes in size. NGC 90 is located at a distance of 333.8 million light years and NGC 93 is 259.7 million light years away. Because of its northern declination, Andromeda is visible only north of 40° south latitude; for observers farther south, it lies below the horizon. He used her body to create the constellations as markers of time for humans. The 2011 outburst was linked to ejecta from Comet Biela, which passed close to the Sun in 1649. It was known as Mulier Catenata ("chained woman") in Latin and al-Mar'at al Musalsalah in Arabic. Alpheratz connects the Andromeda constellation with Pegasus, the horse Perseus rode to Andromeda’s rescue. [21] Lying approximately three degrees southwest of Iota Andromedae at a distance of about 4,000 light-years from Earth, the "Blue Snowball Nebula"[10] is a popular target for amateur astronomers. Andromeda is up in the fall sky. Caldwell 22, also cataloged as NGC 7662 and nicknamed the Snowball Nebula or Blue Snowball Nebula, is a planetary nebula located about 2,500 light-years from Earth. It is an orange K-type giant 177 light years distant. [21], Each November, the Andromedids meteor shower appears to radiate from Andromeda. It is the second largest galaxy in the group, smaller only than NGC 70. As such, it is more easily visible from the northern hemisphere. The fainter companion star, Gamma2 Andromedae, is itself a binary star, consisting of fifth and sixth magnitude white dwarf stars. The galaxies were discovered by R.J. Mitchell in 1854. Along with Messier 110, Messier 32 is the closest bright elliptical galaxy to our solar system. The Constellation Andromeda, a multi-person freighter, is the most popular ship in RSI's current production array. Andromeda, in astronomy, constellation of the northern sky at about one hour right ascension and 40° north declination. RX Andromedae is a Z Camelopardalis-type variable star. One half of the W of Cassiopeia is more deeply notched than the other half. Adhil, or Xi Andromedae, is also a double star. Dwarf galaxy Messier 32 in Andromeda, image: Fabrizio Francione (CC BY-SA 4.0). Viewing the fainter stars visible to the naked eye, the constellations are rendered as: A … 56 Andromedae is a binary star consisting of two magnitude six components. With an apparent magnitude of 2.27, it is the third brightest point of light in Andromeda. The Gemini constellation is one of the most ancient known star patterns. The Myth Behind the Constellation Andromeda. Star cloud NGC 206. It can be seen in small telescopes. [57][58][59] Hubble originally estimated that the Andromeda Galaxy was 900,000 light-years away, but Ernst Öpik's estimate in 1925 put the distance closer to 1.5 million light-years. The brightest star in Andromeda is Alpheratz, Alpha Andromedae. Cetus contains Messier 77 and several famous stars like Beta Ceti, Alpha Ceti, Tau … Cassiopeia is located close to the north celestial pole and it is completely below the horizon for anyone located south of -20 degrees. Andromeda belongs to the Perseus family of constellations, along with Auriga, Cassiopeia, Cepheus, Cetus, Lacerta, Pegasus, Perseus, and Triangulum. It occupies an area 0.4’ by 0.2’ in size, which translates into a real size of 35,000 light years. It is a satellite of the Andromeda Galaxy. At the center lie the remains of the original star’s compressed core, a small white dwarf. Cassiopeia is a constellation in the northern sky, named after the vain queen Cassiopeia in Greek mythology, who boasted about her unrivaled beauty.Cassiopeia was one of the 48 constellations listed by the 2nd-century Greek astronomer Ptolemy, and it remains one of the 88 modern constellations today.It is easily recognizable due to its distinctive 'W' shape, formed by five bright stars. This constellation can be located between the latitudes +90° and -40°. To find constellation Andromeda, first look for the W-shaped constellation Cassiopeia in the northern part of the sky. Andromeda is one of the 48 constellations listed by the 2nd-century Greco-Roman astronomer Ptolemy and remains one of the 88 modern constellations. Finally, locate the hazy oval between Cassiopeia and Pegasus, which is the Andromeda Galaxy. The three bright stars between the Pegasus square and Cassiopeia constellation are the most prominent stars of the Andromeda constellation. Iota Andromedae is a B-type main sequence dwarf, bluish white in colour. [26] M32 was discovered in 1749 by French astronomer Guillaume Le Gentil and has since been found to lie closer to Earth than the Andromeda Galaxy itself. [3], In traditional Chinese astronomy, nine stars from Andromeda (including Beta Andromedae, Mu Andromedae, and Nu Andromedae), along with seven stars from Pisces, formed an elliptical constellation called "Legs" (奎宿). One such crucial Greek myth is about the Cetus constellation, named after the sea monster in Greek mythology. The mass of the black hole is estimated to be between 1.5 and 5 million solar masses. Andromeda has three stars brighter than magnitude 3.00 and three stars located within 10 parsecs (32.6 light years) of Earth. Price and Locations of Star Citizen Ships for Sale and For Rent in game. The location of the Andromeda galaxy in relation to the constellation is marked on the charts found here. It is 300 million light years distant and spans 80,000 light years, or 0.9’ x 0.8’ of the apparent sky. Andromeda is most prominent during autumn evenings in the Northern Hemisphere, along with several other constellations named for characters in the Perseus myth. The story of Andromeda, daughter of King Cepheus and Queen Cassiopeia, of Ethiopia, brings together many notable names of legend.Her mother's boastfulness and pride greatly angered the sea gods and this resulted in Andromeda being sacrificed in order to appease them. One day the Sun will meet a similar fate, but it has enough fuel to last another 6 billion years or so. Located north of the celestial equator, it is named for Andromeda, daughter of Cassiopeia, in the Greek myth, who was chained to a rock to be eaten by the sea monster Cetus. Andromeda is a large constellation, covering 722 square degrees of the sky. The central star is a bluish dwarf with an estimated temperature of 75,000 K. The nebula’s estimated radius is 0.8 light years. Adhil is approximately 196 light years distant and has an apparent magnitude of +4.875. Constellations like Andromeda are patterns of stars seen in the sky, that were identified and named by ancient civilizations. People have been observing it since earliest human history, and it was first charted by the Greek-Egyptian astronomer Claudius Ptolemy as part of his sky mapping activities. Atypical for a dwarf elliptical galaxy, M110 is showing signs of recent star formation. The suspected variable star 14 Andromedae, also called Veritate (K0III), has a known extrasolar planet, discovered in 2008. Andromeda Constellation Facts; Abbreviation: And: Genitive: Andromedae: Origin: Ancient: Location: Northern Hemisphere: Size/Area: 722 sq. The cluster is located about 130,000 light years from M31’s core and is the brightest globular cluster in the Local Group of galaxies. Andromeda insisted on keeping the promise made by her parents and married Perseus. The brightest stars in the constellation — Alpheratz, Mirach and Almach — form a chain between the Great Square of Pegasus and the constellation Perseus. ... Use the Great Square of Pegasus to find the Andromeda Galaxy. [13] Arab astronomers were aware of Ptolemy's constellations, but they included a second constellation representing a fish at Andromeda's feet. Andromeda is a “V” shaped star constellation which lies close to the north pole, and thus is only visible from the Southern Hemisphere during spring time (October to December), but in the Northern hemisphere can be viewed from August to February. English astronomer John Flamsteed later moved it back to Andromeda, where it has stayed to this day. Its spectral class is G9. It is best known for being the home of the Andromeda galaxy. Andromeda is visible in both the Northern and Southern hemispheres. It is one of the brightest astronomical objects visible to the human eye. The constellation of Perseus is located in the northern celestial hemisphere. It was designated SN 1986J and peaked at magnitude 14. As a reward, the goddess Athena (who had been helping Perseus to defeat the Medusa) placed an image of Andromeda in the stars. With an age of 3.1 billion years, the star is younger than the Sun, as well as more massive and more luminous. Click on any of the images on this page to explore the full size image. In astronomy , Andromeda is a constellation , or group of stars. An annual meteor shower occurs ever November called the Andromeda meteor shower. Andromeda (The Chained Maiden) Constellation. Mirach is a cool, bright red class M giant approximately 200 light years distant. HD 5608 (K0IV) has a transiting planet. The neighboring constellations are Cassiopeia, Lacerta, Pegasus, Perseus, Pisces and Triangulum. [8], Andromeda is also associated with the Mesopotamian creation story of Tiamat, the goddess of Chaos. NGC 752 (Caldwell 28) is an open cluster with an apparent magnitude of 5.7, located at a distance of 1,300 light years from Earth. Browse older patch ship sales and rentals ship prices. [10] M110 is classified as either a dwarf spheroidal galaxy or simply a generic elliptical galaxy. Andromeda is most prominent during autumn evenings in the Northern Hemisphere, along with several other constellations named for characters in the Perseus myth. The ancient constellations have great importance in Greek mythology. Mayall II (NGC 224-G1) is a globular cluster orbiting the Andromeda Galaxy. [9] Offended at her remark, the nymphs petitioned Poseidon to punish Cassiopeia for her insolence, which he did by commanding the sea monster Cetus to attack Ethiopia. The galaxy is suspected to have been much larger at one point, but then lost its outer stars and globular clusters when it collided with the Andromeda Galaxy. Andromeda Constellation is located in the first quadrant of the Northern Hemisphere. Of the stars brighter than 4th magnitude (and those with measured luminosity), Andromeda has a relatively even distribution of evolved and main-sequence stars. The galaxy was discovered by William Herschel in 1784. The star’s outer layers of gas puff away into space, creating a planetary nebula (so named because these objects often resemble planetary orbs when viewed through a small telescope). Its name derives from the Arabic word al-dhayl, which means “train” (or literally “tail”). M32 is about 6,500 in diameter and mostly contains old stars, with no star formation going on inside the galaxy. Loading ... A Brief History of the Andromeda Galaxy - Duration: 20:40. The two stars are separated by about 10 arcseconds on the sky. Only marginally dimmer than Alpha, Beta Andromedae is a red giant, its color visible to the naked eye. Alpheratz is a binary star with an apparent magnitude of +2.06. Alpheratz was once considered to be part of the Pegasus constellation. Andromeda got her name from being the wife of Perseus who was a Greek hero. It occupies an area 1.7’ x 1.4’ in size. Andromeda Galaxy, great spiral galaxy in the constellation Andromeda, the nearest large galaxy. Because of its distance in the sky from the band of obscuring dust, gas, and abundant stars of our home galaxy, Andromeda's borders contain many visible distant galaxies. [65][69] The Andromedids had another outburst on December 3–5, 2011, the most active shower since 1885, with a maximum zenithal hourly rate of 50 meteors per hour. Its name comes from the Arabic al-‘anaq al-‘ard, which means “caracal” or “the desert lynx.” Almach is approximately 350 light years distant. The observers of the 2011 outburst predicted outbursts in 2018, 2023, and 2036. In the past, before astronomers knew what it was, the galaxy was referred to as the Great Andromeda Nebula. The constellation of Perseus is located in the northern celestial hemisphere. [14] Several stars from Andromeda and most of the stars in Lacerta were combined in 1787 by German astronomer Johann Bode to form Frederici Honores (also called Friedrichs Ehre). For the Chinese, the northern swath of Andromeda formed a stable for changing horses (tianjiu, 天厩, stable on sky) and the far western part, along with most of Lacerta, became Tengshe, a flying snake. Both of its traditional names, Alpheratz and Sirrah, are derived from the Arabic phrase al surrat al-faras, which means “the navel of the horse.” The horse refers to Pegasus. One myth about Andromeda is found in Greek mythology. You can easily observe the Andromeda Galaxy using binoculars. It contains approximately 20 stars in a diameter of 15 arcminutes, making it a tighter cluster than NGC 752. Southern circumpolar constellations can be seen all year long in the night sky of the southern hemisphere. [21], There is one prominent planetary nebula in Andromeda: NGC 7662 (Caldwell 22). The Andromeda constellation, from Uranographia by Johannes Hevelius (1690). [10][26] It is considered to be one of the more inconspicuous open clusters. These satellite galaxies, like the satellites of the Milky Way, tend to be older, gas-poor dwarf elliptical and dwarf spheroidal galaxies. It is near the great square of Pegasus. Browse by location from where the ships are sold and rented. [21] NGC 891 was discovered by the brother-and-sister team of William and Caroline Herschel in August 1783. Andromeda is one of the 48 constellations listed by the 2nd-century Greco-Roman astronomer Ptolemy and remains one of the 88 modern constellations. The cluster has twice the mass of Omega Centauri, the largest globular cluster in the Milky Way. It is one of the largest constellations, with an area of 722 square degrees. It spans about 120,000 light years, which translates to an apparent size of 1.3’ x 1.0’. Its mass is approximately 3.6 solar masses and its surface temperature is about 13,800 K. The companion star is also more massive than the Sun and has a luminosity 10 times that of the Sun. It was discovered in 1784 by William Herschel, who catalogued the galaxies as a single object. Now locate the star Schedar in Cassiopeia. It spans 90,000 light years and has an apparent size of 1.288’ x 1.202’. The shower is named after the constellation because it appears to rain down from Andromeda. The primary component has an apparent magnitude of 4.3, while the fainter companion is a 9th magnitude star. This is over 1,400 times the size of the full moon, 55% of the size of the largest constellation, Hydra, and over 10 times the size of the smallest constellation, Crux. This is significantly more than the Milky Way, which has approximately 200-400 billion stars. The constellation Andromeda can be seen at latitudes between +90° and -40°. ν And, μ And, β And, η And, ζ And, ε And, δ And, π And, and 32 And were all included from Andromeda; ν Psc, φ Psc, χ Psc, and ψ Psc were included from Pisces. Price and Locations of Star Citizen Ships for Sale and For Rent in game. Other stars with known planets are HD 222155 (G2V), HD 16175 (F8 IV), HD 1605 (K1IV, two exoplanets), HD 13931 (G0), HD 5583 (K0), HD 15082 (kA5 hA8 mF4), HAT-P-6 (F), HAT-P-16 (F8), HAT-P-32 (F/G), WASP-1 (F7V), Kepler-63, HAT-P-19 (K), HAT-P-28 (G3) and HAT-P-53. It’s the great spiral galaxy next door to our Milky Way and the most distant object you can see with your eye alone. The galaxy was named after the constellation which, in turn, was named after the mythical princess Andromeda, daughter of Cassiopeia and Cepheus in Greek mythology. The Danish-Irish astronomer John Louis Emil Dreyer was able to make out some of the individual members and catalogued them as NGC 68, NGC 70 and NGC 71 in the 1880s. Credit: Adam Evans (CC BY 2.0). Perseus is the 24 th largest constellation in the sky, out of the 88 modern constellations, stretching for around 615 square degrees.. Perseus is located in the first quadrant of the northern hemisphere (NQ1), and it is prominent during the northern hemisphere’s spring. Use the Great Square of Pegasus to find the Andromeda Galaxy. [11], An Arab constellation called "al-Hut" (the fish) was composed of several stars in Andromeda, M31, and several stars in Pisces. The uranography of Andromeda has its roots most firmly in the Greek tradition, though a female figure in Andromeda's location had appeared earlier in Babylonian astronomy. Upsilon Andromedae is 44 light years distant. It is believed to contain an intermediate-mass black hole in its centre. Andromeda constellation is located in the northern sky, between Cassiopeia’s W asterism and the Great Square of Pegasus. NGC 71 is either an elliptical or lenticular galaxy (E5/S0) about 130,000 light years across, located about 310 million light years from the Sun. Depending on your location and the season, different constellations can be seen. The brightest star, Alpheratz (from the Arabic for “horse’s navel”; the star was once part of the constellation Pegasus), has a magnitude of 2.1. In the Northern hemisphere Andromeda can be seen from August to February. Notice Mirach , then Mu Andromedae. Size Rank: 19 On clear, cloudless nights, gaze up at a sky full of stars, and a constellation of distant lights from fishing boats along the horizon. andromeda constellation location . [11][53] M31 was first observed telescopically shortly after its invention, by Simon Marius in 1612. Andromeda constellation, image: Roberto Mura The constellation is best-known for being home to the Milky Way’s largest neighbour, the Andromeda Galaxy (Messier 31), and its two smaller satellites, Messier 32 and Messier 110. This constellation is also referred to as the Chained Maiden, Persea (wife of Perseus), or Cepheis(daughter of Cepheus). Andromeda is close to the North Pole and it can be seen in autumn. There is an interesting story of these three characters mentioned in Mahabharat. (The) Cetus was a sea monster in Greek mythology as both Perseus and Heracles needed to slay, sometimes in English called 'the whale'. M32 is small, but quite bright, and can easily be seen in a small telescope. Location. [14], As per Hindu astronomy, Andromeda is known as Devyani Constellation while Cassiopeia is Sharmishta Constellation. Image: Adam Block/Mount Lemmon SkyCenter/University of Arizona. Andromeda is located directly next to Cassiopeia, and is also connected to a boxy shape of stars that make up the constellation Pegasus . The star is located 97 light years from Earth. The name Mirach is a corrupted derivation from the Arabic word for “girdle,” mizar, referring to the star’s placement at Andromeda’s left hip. NGC 74 is a spiral galaxy that spans 65,000 light years. NGC 70 is a spiral galaxy spanning 180,000 light years. It has a visual magnitude of 13.5 and is about 320 million light years distant. [16][17] In 1922, the IAU defined its recommended three-letter abbreviation, "And". Andromeda was one of the original 48 constellations formulated by Ptolemy in his 2nd-century Almagest, in which it was defined as a specific pattern of stars. [51] M31 is the largest neighboring galaxy to the Milky Way and the largest member of the Local Group of galaxies. Like all those that date back to a pattern known to Ptolemy, it is attributed to a wider zone and thus many surrounding stars. The Andromeda constellation, from Uranographia by Johannes Hevelius (1690). In fact, it is the 19th largest constellation in the night sky. Andromeda Galaxy (also known as Messier 31, M31, or NGC 224) is a spiral galaxy located in the Andromeda constellation.. NGC 891 is an edge-on spiral galaxy which can be seen four degrees east of Almach (Gamma Andromedae). It is home to one of the best-known of all deep-sky objects, the Andromeda Galaxy, M31, which is the nearest comparably-sized galaxy to our own Milky Way.Around M31 can be seen a number of smaller companion galaxies, including M32 and M110.. It is best viewed in the northern hemisphere, but also few people in the southern hemisphere can see it in spring. The meteor shower has faded since discovery, but some activity is still observable in mid-November. [53] Using the 100-inch Hooker Telescope at Mount Wilson Observatory in California, he observed Cepheid variable stars in M31 during a search for novae, allowing him to determine their distance by using the stars as standard candles. The basic constellation is in the shape of an "A" with a star representing Andromeda's head at the point of the "A". [10] The most famous deep-sky object in Andromeda is the spiral galaxy cataloged as Messier 31 (M31) or NGC 224 but known colloquially as the Andromeda Galaxy for the constellation. The shower is named after the constellation because it appears to rain down from Andromeda. It is classified as a suspected semi-regular variable. Andromeda lies close to the north pole, so only a few in the Southern Hemisphere can see this strangely shaped constellation in the spring. NGC 72 is a barred spiral galaxy with an apparent magnitude of 13.5, located approximately 320 million light years away. NGC 68 is classified as an E1-type elliptical galaxy. The Andromeda constellation is a pattern created by distant stars, in the nighttime sky. [50] M31 is one of the most distant objects visible to the naked eye, 2.2 million light-years from Earth (estimates range up to 2.5 million light-years). The primary star is a class K bright giant. [9] Andromeda's panicked father, Cepheus, was told by the Oracle of Ammon that the only way to save his kingdom was to sacrifice his daughter to Cetus. [56], The Andromeda Galaxy's two main companions, M32 and M110 (also known as NGC 221 and NGC 205, respectively) are faint elliptical galaxies that lie near it. The constellation is associated with the Andromedids meteor shower (also known as the Bielids), first documented on December 6, 1741 over Russia. The galaxy was discovered by William Herschel on September 11, 1784, along with NGC 70. Meaning: The Chained Maiden Best seen in: November Family: Perseus Latitude: +90° to -40° Andromeda or The Chained Maiden is one of the 88 constellations modern astronomers have divided the sky into. Her discovery was documented by her brother William Herschel in 1785, but it was not given a Messier Catalogue number until 1967, when Kenneth Glyn Jones finally gave it one. Lying not far from the plane of the northern Milky Way, Andromeda … The Andromeda galaxy, our Milky Way's closest neighbor, is the most distant object in the sky that you can see with your unaided eye — but only on a clear night from a location … It does not appear to have a supermassive black hole, or at least there is no evidence that one exists at the centre of the galaxy. It belongs to the NGC 1023 Group. Constellations are beloved by smugglers and merchants alike because they are modular, high powered... and just downright iconic-looking. Cetus (/ ˈ s iː t ə s /) is a constellation. Its most notable feature is the Constellations are beloved by smugglers and merchants alike because they are modular, high powered... and just downright iconic-looking. [10][26] The nebula has an overall magnitude of 9.2 and is 20 by 130 arcseconds in size. In exceptionally good conditions, it is even visible to the naked eye. Only steps away from Andromeda, enjoy a beautiful uncrossed white sand beach that is perfect for barefoot strolls. Andromeda constellation on the other hand is real easy - at least part of it - once you learn to identify those parts - rest will be easy, but you do need to wait for summer for best view of it - now is pretty low. [10][62] Upon further magnification, it is visible as a slightly elliptical annular disk that gets darker towards the center, with a magnitude 13.2 central star. It lies at a distance of only 10.30 light years from Earth. This constellation either represented the foot of a walking person or a wild boar. It has an apparent magnitude of 3.4, which makes it one of the brightest Messier objects. Andromeda is one of the 48 constellations listed by the 2nd-century Greco-Roman astronomer Ptolemy and remains one of the 88 modern constellations. The cluster was discovered by Caroline Herschel in 1783, but may have been observed by Giovanni Batista Hodierna before 1654. Messier 31 (NGC 224), better known as the Andromeda Galaxy, is a spiral galaxy approximately 2.5 million light years distant. NGC 69 is a lenticular (S0) galaxy with an apparent magnitude of 14.7. None of the stars in the cluster are brighter than 9th magnitude. The Blue Snowball Nebula, a planetary nebula, is visible in a telescope as a blue circular object. It contains eight globular clusters in the halo that surrounds it. This short guide aims at providing you the needed information in order to find Andromeda in the night sky. Andromeda is the 19th largest constellation in the sky, occupying an area of 722 square degrees. It has two distorted, elongated spiral arms that show evidence of starburst activity, likely caused by the interaction. The triple star Kappa Andromedae (B9IVn) has one confirmed exoplanet about 13 times the mass of Jupiter, first discovered in November 2012. [8][11] Alpha Andromedae and Gamma Pegasi together made "Wall" (壁宿), representing the eastern wall of the imperial palace and/or the emperor's personal library. Andromeda is the largest of the group. It is one of the 48 Greek constellations, first listed by the Greco-Roman astronomer Ptolemy in the 2nd century CE. The Andromeda Galaxy is a spiral galaxy approximately 2.5 million light-years away in the constellation Andromeda. Because of its northern decli… #HOMEBEACHHOME. The nymphs complained to the sea god Poseidon and he sent a sea monster, Cetus, to flood and destroy Cepheus’ lands as punishment for his wife’s boastfulness. Andromeda is the 19th biggest constellation and was first listed about 2,000 years ago by Ptolemy, who was a Greco-Roman scientist. Its brightness varies between 5.8 and 14.9 over a period of 409 days. It occupies an area 13’.5 x 2’.5 in size. [51], American astronomer Edwin Hubble included M31 (then known as the Andromeda Nebula) in his groundbreaking 1923 research on galaxies. However, there is no universal depiction of Andromeda and the stars used to represent her body, head, and chains. [60] It is viewable in binoculars from a dark site owing to its high surface brightness of 10.1 and overall magnitude of 9.0. Andromeda is a "V" shaped constellation best viewed in the fall if you live in the Northern Hemisphere. The two components are designated GX Andromedae (Groombridge 34 A) and GQ Andromedae (Groombridge 34 B). A supernova was observed in the galaxy on August 21, 1986. It has an apparent magnitude of +3.86. … Several constellations are associated with the myth. Andromeda insisted on keeping the promise made by her parents and married Perseus. Almach, Gamma Andromedae, is the third brightest star in the constellation. An annual meteor shower occurs ever November called the Andromeda meteor shower. [67][68] The Andromedids were associated with the most spectacular meteor showers of the 19th century; the storms of 1872 and 1885 were estimated to have a peak rate of two meteors per second (a zenithal hourly rate of 10,000), prompting one Chinese astronomer to compare the meteors to falling rain. 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The process begins when, after billions of years of nuclear fusion ) compresses the stellar core approximate distance 10... Predicted outbursts in 2018, 2023, and can be seen in the Andromeda is... ( Gamma Andromedae, it had the second century cluster contains about 80 and. About 355 light years distant and has an apparent magnitude of 12.9 and is located 97 light years of. To the naked eye, appearing a degree west of the top 100 target for! Component has an overall magnitude of 13.5 and is located in the fall if you are an fanatic! Small telescopes arms and is also associated with the Mesopotamian creation story of these lie in a diameter of arcminutes..., tend to be one of the most prominent during autumn evenings in the body of the top target. Light in Andromeda ’ s rescue NGC 7686 is an open cluster is NGC 752 ( Caldwell )... Process begins when, after billions of years of nuclear fusion, the Andromedids meteor shower you would reading! For characters in the Andromeda galaxy is a K-type giant 177 light years distant size! Mass of Omega Centauri, the Andromedids, a multi-person freighter, is a class K bright.! Was, the Andromeda galaxy ( Messier 31 ( Andromeda galaxy, Alpheratz the! Of King Cepheus and Queen Cassiopeia and Andromeda – so you can be!, Nembus, or 0.9 ’ x 1.0 ’ brightest astronomical objects visible to the north pole it. Constellations listed by the 2nd-century Greco-Roman astronomer Ptolemy in the night sky `` Chained Woman '' ) Latin... Scheat, and more contain an intermediate-mass black hole is estimated to be Jovian planets ( similar to ).

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